Tax Exemptions

These are amounts that reduce taxable income. The term is a little outdated, as personal and dependent exemptions were eliminated by the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act in 2017, but some taxpayers may still qualify for certain other types of exemptions.

What are tax exemptions?

Tax exemptions are a type of tax break that reduces the amount of income that is subject to taxation.

For example, if you earn $50,000 per year and are eligible for a $5,000 tax exemption, you will only be taxed on $45,000 of your income.

Tax exemptions can be claimed for a variety of reasons, such as having dependents, being a homeowner, or making charitable donations.

How do tax exemptions differ from tax deductions?

While tax exemptions reduce the amount of income that is subject to taxation, tax deductions reduce the amount of income that is actually taxed.

For example, if you earn $50,000 per year and are eligible for a $5,000 tax deduction, you will be taxed on $45,000 of your income.

Tax deductions can be claimed for a variety of reasons, such as making contributions to a retirement account or paying mortgage interest.

Are tax exemptions still available under current tax laws?

The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 eliminated the personal exemption, which was a type of tax exemption that taxpayers could claim for themselves and their dependents.

However, some tax exemptions still exist, such as those for charitable donations and certain business expenses.

Can tax exemptions be claimed on state and local taxes?

Some states and localities offer tax exemptions for certain types of income or expenses.

For example, some states offer tax exemptions for income earned from certain types of investments, such as municipal bonds.

Additionally, some states and localities offer tax exemptions for property taxes, sales taxes, or other types of taxes.

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